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2018年12月英语四级考亚博登陆力部分解析

2018-12-20 11:54:28 来源:新东方在线

2018年12月英语四级真题及答案大汇总
题型

2018年12月四级英语考亚博登陆力部分解析

新东方在线

  卷一的听力,就目前拿到的原文材料来看,并无过难情况,题材和文本难度均与往年保持一致水平。

  听力section解析如下:

  新闻:

  卷一的新闻题一,科技新闻.介绍了科学家将在月球上实现4G信号的覆盖.考点题一为新闻主旨题,符合新闻开头出题的原则.第二题新闻细节题考察新闻中“原因“的要素.答案均为原文原词,难度不大。

  原文和考点句如下.

  News 1

  A device that weighs less than one kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019. If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network. The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and earth. The network is part of a mission to the moon. This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon. The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon 9 rocket in 2019. Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon. The scientists working on the project opted to build a 4G rather than a fifth generation or 5G network.This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases.This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon‘s surface

  Question 1:What are scientists planning to do?

  Question 2:Why did scientists choose to set up a 4G network in their mission?

  答案:

  1. C) Set up a mobile phone network on the moon.

  2. A) It is stable.

  新闻题二为社会新闻,讲述了在好莱坞密歇根大道上一家废弃旧商场发生的火灾。.考点题一仍然为新闻主旨题,符合新闻开头出题的原则.第二题新闻细节题。符合我们听力课上课时提到的时间/数字等信息集中处出题的规律。原文和考点句如下.

  News 2

  It‘s responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood. The fire was reported at 9:26 pm at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St. Mary’s Church.Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene. Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin. There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries. Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire. Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn‘t start up again. The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002. In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing.However the plan was dropped due to lack of funds.

  Question 3:What does the news item say about the fire?

  Question4:What had City Hall planned to do?

  答案:

  3. B) No injuries were yet reported.

  4. B) Pull down the deserted shopping mall.

  新闻题三为社会新闻,讲述日本由于自然灾害土豆产量下降和进口管制,导致土豆价格升高的事件。考点题一仍然为新闻主旨题,但要求考生听懂“shortage(短缺)”一词,有一定难度。第二/三题新闻细节题。原文和考点句如下.

  News 3

  Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6X their normal price.This is after the country‘s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage.Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades. Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products.

  “We don‘t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said. Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare. Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products. Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports. It still only allows potatoes from selected US states. This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports.

  But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often.

  Question 5:What problem is Japan facing?

  Question 6:Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes?

  Question 7:What might affect Japanese domestic produce?

  答案:

  5. D) Insufficient potato supply.

  6. C) It is afraid of the spread of disease.

  对于考生而言,长对话一向是听懂难度较低的文本。此次两篇长对话,就文本和听力音频难度来看,难度适中。如果大家有好好掌握课上所说的长对话出题原则,找到答案的可能性还是非常大的,关注开头结尾处,以及中间负责答者的回答。长对话第一篇讨论的话题是近年来高频话题,学习,说话人讲解了学习保持专注度的一些方法和技巧。第8/9题选项和原文存在同义词替换(boring-dull),近义表达替换(writing=take notes)的情况,但第10-11题选项均为原文原词。

  Conversation 1

  M:Mr.Brown‘s lectures are so boring.

  W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker. But the subject is interesting.

  M: During every one of his lectures, I try to listen I really try. But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration. But I see that you seem to be OK. How do you stay focused through the entire hour?

  W: Well,what I do is keep my pen moving.

  M: What do you mean?

  W: It‘s a method of active concentration I read about. One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down. But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard. You see writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way.

  M: Do you review your notes afterwards then?

  W: Sometimes but that‘s not important. My notes may or may not be useful but the point is that by writing down what Mr. Brand says I can follow his line of thinking more easily. In fact, sometimes I draw a little too.

  M:You draw in class and that helps me pay attention?

  W: Yes, honestly it works f