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2018年12月英语四级听力真题答案解析(全)

2018-12-20 15:24:51 来源:新东方在线

2018年12月英语四级真题及答案大汇总
题型

  Part IIListening Comprehension (30 minutes)

  News 1

  【1】A device that weighs less than one kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019。 If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network。 The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and earth。 The network is part of a mission to the moon。 This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon。 The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon 9 rocket in 2019。 Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon。 The scientists working on the project opted to build a 4G rather than a fifth generation or 5G network。【2】This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases。 This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon‘s surface

  Question 1:What are scientists planning to do?

  Question 2:Why did scientists choose to set up a 4G network in their mission?

  News 2

  It‘s responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood。 The fire was reported at 9:26 pm at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St。 Mary’s Church。 Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene。 Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin。 There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries。 Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire。 Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn‘t start up again。 The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002。【4】In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing。 However the plan was dropped due to lack of funds。

  Question 3:What does the news item say about the fire?

  Question4:What had City Hall planned to do?

  News 3

  【5】Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6X their normal price。 This is after the country‘s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage。 Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades。 Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products。

  “We don‘t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said。 Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare。 Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products。 【6】Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports。 It still only allows potatoes from selected US states。 This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports。【7】But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often。

  Question 5:What problem is Japan facing?

  5.【解析】本题依旧采用新闻首句出题原则。由Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6X their normal price可知

  Question 6:Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes?

  6.【解析】本题直接采用定位词原则,新闻表达定位词says后直接听到什么选什么。由Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports可知

  Question 7:What might affect Japanese domestic produce?

  7. 【解析】本题为新闻末尾句出题原则,直接转折类定位词but后听到什么选什么。由But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often可知

  Conversation 1

  M: 【8】Mr。 Brown‘s lectures are so boring。

  W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker。 But the subject is interesting。

  M: During every one of his lectures, I try to listen I really try。But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration。 But I see that you seem to be OK。 How do you stay focused through the entire hour?

  W: 【9】Well, what I do is keep my pen moving。

  M: What do you mean?

  W: It‘s a method of active concentration I read about。One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down。 But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard。 You see writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way。

  M: Do you review your notes afterwards then?

  W: Sometimes but that‘s not important。 My notes may or may not be useful but the point is that by writing down what Mr。 Brand says I can follow his line of thinking more easily。 In fact, sometimes I draw a little too。

  M: You draw in class and that helps me pay attention?

  W: Yes, honestly it works for me。 I just draw little lines and nonsense really。 It was also in that article I read。 【10】It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate。 Again the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving。 If I‘m at home and I need to study what I do is read out loud。【11】It has a similar effect to writing by hand。 It helps memorize information in a physical way。

  Question 8。 What does the man think of Mr。 Brown‘s lectures?

  8.【解析】前两组对话第一题原则。

  Question 9。 What does the woman do during Mr。 Brown‘s lectures?

  9.【解析】语气词定位词well

  Question 10。 Why does the woman draw in class?

  10.【解析】前有逻辑类定位词so

  Question 11。 What does the woman say about reading out loud?

  11.【解析】对话末尾句出题原则

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